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History, Tradition, Heritage As related to the subjects of piping, drumming and pipe bands.

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Old 05-08-2020, 08:34 PM   #11
pancelticpiper
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Default Re: War Office Order 1854

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Originally Posted by Paul Ritchie View Post
I'm doing some work where it is best to reference original documentation. I am looking for the document that standardizes (to a degree) the dress of pipers in Highland regiments...
The dress of the pipers of the Highland regiments pre-1881 is fascinating, for one thing there's twice as many regiments to look at! The piper's dress of the post-1881 named regiments is well known.

The early regimental pipers' dress generally followed one of three paths:

1) in some regiments pipers wore the same uniform as the rank and file.

2) in some regiments pipers wore the same uniform as bandsmen (white, buff, or reversed colours)

3) in some regiments pipers were put into civilian outfits, tartan jackets etc. It was through this process that a number of civilian clothing features such as doublets and gauntlet cuffs made their way into the army (being featured on pipers' uniforms for decades before they became generally adopted).

To look at a few regiments, and snapshots of pipers' dress that paintings, drawings, and photographs give us:

42nd
1814 Other Ranks uniform
1840 red coatee
1850 Black Watch tartan coatee, Black Watch "music" tartan kilt and plaid
1855 Black Watch tartan doublet, Black Watch "music" tartan kilt and plaid
1864 Royal Stewart kilt and plaid, not clear whether doublet is tartan

72nd
1809 Highland Dress withdrawn
1800-1825 pipers in Other Ranks uniform (written information, no image)
1823 Prince Charles Edward Stuart kilt and plaid granted to all ranks.
1825 PCES kilt and plaid, red Other Ranks coatee
1847 red coatee, plain Glengarry with long feather, PCES kilt & plaid
c1850 green doublet (written information, no image)
1867 painting, 1868 photo feather bonnets

74th
1809 Highland Dress withdrawn
1845 Lamont tartan trews and plaid granted to all ranks.
c1845 piper in Lamont tartan coatee, kilt, plaid. feather bonnet.

78th
c1790 to 1858 buff jackets, feather bonnets (written information)
1852 white (buff?) coatee, feather bonnet, MacKenzie kilt, plaid, full hose
1859 green doublet (written information)
1865 green doublet, Glengarry

91st
1809 Highland Dress withdrawn
1864 Sutherland trews and plaid granted to all ranks
1865 green doublet, feather bonnet
1872 feather bonnets
1874, 1880 Glengarriess

92nd
1815 Other Ranks uniform
1861 dark doublets, plain Balmorals with blackcock tail, tartan hose

93rd
1801, 1825 Other Ranks uniform
1852 red doublet, Balmoral with long feather

Now, what I read (in Barnes) is that in 1860 green doublets are stipulated for all Highland regiments, and indeed there's nothing in the iconography to dispute that.

However I also read in Barnes that in that same year plain Glengarries are likewise stipulated for the pipers of all Highland regiments except for the 42nd, yet pipers of the 72nd and 91st are still seen wearing feather bonnets as late as 1868 and 1872 respectively.

BTW a number of 19th century photos show members of Highland regiments other than the 42nd wearing square-toed spats... but that's another story.
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Old 05-08-2020, 08:39 PM   #12
pancelticpiper
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Default Re: War Office Order 1854

About the 42nd Foot's "music" tartan, it was the ordinary Government Tartan with red replacing black.

It was worn by 42nd Foot bandsmen and pipers in the 18th and well up into the 19th centuries. Around 1860 the pipers replaced the old music tartan with Royal Stewart.



Here is a 42nd piper in 1854 clearly wearing kilt and plaid of the 42nd music tartan, and coatee of the ordinary 42nd tartan.



And a photo taken in 1855 showing the same thing. In later photographs showing 42nd pipers wearing Royal Stewart the white lines are of course clearly visible.



like this; it's impossible to mistake Royal Stewart even in a black & white photo.



And here are pipers of the 91st Foot in 1872 wearing feather bonnets

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Last edited by pancelticpiper; 05-08-2020 at 08:50 PM.
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Old 05-08-2020, 08:52 PM   #13
CalumII
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Default Re: War Office Order 1854

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Originally Posted by pancelticpiper View Post
I also read in Barnes that in that same year plain Glengarries are likewise stipulated for the pipers of all Highland regiments except for the 42nd, yet pipers of the 72nd and 91st are still seen wearing feather bonnets as late as 1868 and 1872 respectively.

Ach, well, Colonel, I've always permitted the pipers to wear pretty much what they pleased, after all the music's the thing, isn't it?
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Old 05-09-2020, 02:24 PM   #14
pancelticpiper
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Default Re: War Office Order 1854

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Originally Posted by CalumII View Post
Ach, well, Colonel, I've always permitted the pipers to wear pretty much what they pleased, after all the music's the thing, isn't it?
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